Menstruation is not a special excretory function of the body, without which the body can not do. This is just a reaction of the body to the absence of pregnancy in this particular cycle. Reset already overdue the settings for creating a new one.
The main indicator that you have everything normal with the reproductive system is the regularity of menstruation, that is, from the beginning of menstruation to the beginning of the next passes about the same number of days ±1-3 days.
Normally, the interval between monthly is from 21 to 35 days (with a tolerance of 1-3 days). Single omissions of one cycle are not a deviation from the norm, but not systematic delays.
If the duration of the cycle has pronounced fluctuations, for example 21, 35, 24, 42, 23 – this is not the norm, you need to see a doctor.
The volume of menstruation in the norm should be about 80 ml, but some women in the normal period from the beginning are abundant for no reason. Then it is important to change the abundance of menstruation: if you have become abundant – to the doctor.
If menstruation suddenly became poorer, it is not a sign of”early menopause.” Most often the reasons are weight loss, changes in the nature of nutrition, regularity of sexual life, stress, the beginning of active sports, climate change, changes in drinking regime, etc.
The color and consistency of the discharge depends on the flow rate and volume. If there is a lot of discharge, the blood is light and liquid. If a little blood is almost black, the formation of clots.
The color of menstrual secretions depends on two factors: the volume of secretions and the rate of their flow from the uterus. If there are a lot of secretions and they flow out quickly, the secretions are lighter and more liquid. If the discharge is small and they flow slowly-the blood has time to oxidize into the vagina and acquire dark shades, up to black, in addition, clots may form. That is, the color of the clots reflects not pathology, but the volume of secretions and the rate of their outflow.
Black thin clots, or “black dirt”, at the beginning or end of menstruation are menstrual secretions from the previous cycle that did not have time to leave the uterine cavity during menstruation. It’s okay, don’t worry.
You have the opportunity to affect the speed of the flow of menstruation, that is, to speed up the release of the uterus: the best sex and/or orgasm (even obtained on your own) – the contraction of the uterus thus strengthen the selection, but they will end faster; a warm heating pad on your stomach, exercises in the gym; massage the lower abdomen.
To avoid the appearance of an unpleasant smell during menstruation, do not resort to perfumes. Here are some tips: give preference to loose clothes (skirt, loose pants), often change pads and tampons, avoid eating some foods (garlic, broccoli, cheese with mold). By the way, outside of menstruation, these products can change the smell of ordinary secretions.
Garlic, broccoli and cheese with mold enhance the smell of any secretions, including during menstruation.
Never wash the vagina from secretions, wash only from the outside. Getting water into the vagina can lead to a violation of the balance of flora.
Remove pain during menstruation will help warm warmer on the stomach, getting an orgasm, sex, taking painkillers NSAIDs (ibuprofen). Long-term effect give contraceptives, yoga and sports in General, as well as meditative practices.
Yes, menstruation is not a reason to give up sports and sex: it is not dangerous and even useful, as it relieves pain and facilitates the process. Sex during menstruation has invented a special female condom and a special sponge. We do not sell them, they must be ordered. Such devices allow to prevent contamination of linen.
The probability of getting pregnant during menstruation is, but the risk is very small. In any case, it is advisable to avoid getting sperm into the vagina. If you take contraceptives, during the period of bloody discharge, the contraceptive effect persists.
The most painful epilation is three days before and three days after menstruation.
During menstruation, safe to swim, steam bath and sauna (remember that the intensity of bleeding can be strengthened, i.e. to reinforce the protection), but the duration of the menstrual period may become shorter.
For hygiene during menstruation, it is safest to use a menstrual Cup, then pads (without perfume fragrances) and tampons in the last place. Remember, do not use tampons when poor spotting, and also the outside bleeding, as it contributes to the violation of the vaginal flora. Always choose tampons, appropriate intensity selections (better on one drop less, than more).
If you are going to do hair removal, remember that it will be most painful for 3-4 days before and after menstruation, as well as during the menstruation itself. The rest of the time, the pain will be less. In any case-good advice: 30 minutes before the procedure, take a tablet of ibuprofen (Nurofen).
Accelerate the onset of menstruation can sex, especially passionate, active sports (exercises on the press), visit the bath or sauna, active massage, stress, etc.
Lead to the delay of monthly can stress, climate change, severe course of any disease, surgery, weight loss, weight gain, active sports (especially running), drug use, the beginning of taking antidepressants, drugs for hypertension, as well as psychotropic and antiallergic drugs, chemotherapy, breastfeeding and, of course, pregnancy.
The onset of pregnancy can cause a complete delay in menstruation, or menstruation can be sparse and unusual. Any change in the nature of menstruation (scanty, shorter, with a break) requires a pregnancy test in the morning from the first portion of urine. Remember that you should always exclude ectopic pregnancy. The pregnancy test will also show a positive result.
Against the background of breastfeeding, menstruation can recover at any time, but most often there is a complete absence of them until the complete cessation of lactation. It is important to remember that during this period, prevention is just as important, since pregnancy is rare, but possible.
In any violation of the menstrual cycle should be done ultrasound.
With any violation of the menstrual cycle, it is necessary to appear to the gynecologist, but it is more important to make an ultrasound examination (ultrasound). Just without ultrasound gynecological examination is uninformative. Most often, ultrasound you may find an ovarian cyst (or follicular, or corpus luteum), polycystic ovaries (if you have a cycle before it was regular, then it is not necessary to pay attention, just describe the appearance of the ovaries), may not reveal any significant pathology or write “anovulatory menstrual cycle”. Do not be afraid – identified cysts disappear on their own or you just prescribe the drug for 10 days, and everything will pass after finally came menstruation.
To persistent violation of the menstrual cycle lead endocrine diseases (thyroid disease, diabetes), pituitary tumors, polycystic ovary syndrome, etc.
“Delay” period can only be on a background of reception of hormonal contraceptives – skip pacifiers. It is absolutely safe, and you can do it as many times as you want!
Quite often, the expected menstruation disrupts plans, for example, a vacation at sea, sports competitions, a date. There is a need to cancel or reschedule monthly. This is quite simple if you are taking hormonal contraceptives. In this case, you just skip the pacifiers or start taking the next pack without a break, and so you can safely do as many times (in a row). If you are on birth control pills, reliably, to postpone period does not work, but there are cases when, to delay the onset of menstruation, or call her before able power of auto-suggestion: just look at the daily calendar circle the date desired start of menstruation and really believe in miracles. (This is no joke.)
The occurrence of abundant and painful menstruation (if previously you did not have one) indicates the presence of the disease (polyp, uterine fibroids, adenomyosis, endometrial hyperplasia, etc.) – be sure to contact your doctor. Once there is a copious painful menstruation with clots, especially after a short delay or, conversely, a little earlier than the term, may indicate a very early miscarriage. This is not a big deal, usually medical care is not required, but after menstruation should be examined by a doctor, do ultrasound, take a test for HCG.
The occurrence of abundant painful menstruation can talk about serious problems – you need to see a doctor!