To be honest, I don’t even know what to write on this topic anymore. The level of hysteria that is now present in our society around this virus is off the scale. To be honest, it is easier for me to see 10 patients with various diseases than to conduct a single consultation on HPV. Why? Try to convince a young girl who has just started sexual life and came just for a preventive check – up, and she is immediately told that she has oncogenic viruses that will lead her to cervical cancer, and now she will have complex and expensive treatment. Treatment is carried out, hundreds of thousands of rubles are spent on IVS, drugs and tablets, and the virus still does not leave the body. Seeing the lack of effect of treatment, the patient is already beginning to accept the hopelessness of their situation and the inevitability of cancer. Of course, everything collapses, and first of all personal life, as the source of all the troubles is a young man who infected her with HPV (so often doctors present the situation). And so the patient decides to have another independent consultation in the hope of still being cured, and I explain to her that there is nothing wrong, her cancer will never happen, and all the treatment was completely in vain. Do you think it’s easy to believe this after months of unsuccessful expensive treatment and reassuring doctors of imminent cancer if treatment is discontinued? That’s it… When I run out of all arguments, and the fear and distrust in the eyes of the patient does not disappear, I seriously think about getting a Bible in the office and swear on it that cervical cancer will not happen and HPV treatment is pointless; perhaps this will be more convincing than numerous detailed explanations. However, I will try once again to describe this problem in the most detailed and convincing way, and I swear by all known saints, putting my hands on all the Holy Scriptures, I will speak only the truth and nothing but the truth.
The risk of cervical cancer in the presence of HPV is greatly exaggerated.
The human papilloma virus is not treated with medication. Any medications prescribed by doctors in our country do not have proven effectiveness.
First, there are five important points to understand and remember.
- If you annually (or 1 time in three years) from the age of 21 to 65 years will take a cytological smear from the cervix, preferably in the modification of liquid Cytology, the probability that you will develop cervical cancer is close to an accident.
- The human papilloma virus is not treatable with medication! There is no single drug that affects this virus. Everything that HPV is treated with in our country is a complete profanation and deception of patients.
- Having oncogenic types of HPV does not mean that you will develop cervical cancer. On the contrary, the fact that you know about it will allow you to avoid this disease.
- Almost all cases of cervical cancer develop in women who have not visited a gynecologist for years or they have not taken a cytological smear from the cervix. This is, in fact, a man-made cancer.
- HPV Vaccination is the only chance to reduce the likelihood of HPV infection, and it does not affect the reproductive function and does not have any negative consequences.
ABOUT HPV VACCINATION
On average, 90% of people become infected with HPV at the beginning of any type of sexual activity (not necessarily full-fledged sexual intercourse), since the virus is transmitted through contact with the skin and mucous membranes. In 9 out of 10 infected people, the body copes with the virus on its own, but the remaining ones have a risk of developing malignant diseases of various localities, as well as warts (creating mostly only aesthetic discomfort).
In order not to get infected with HPV, you can get a vaccination.
HPV vaccination is recognized by the who and the FDA as safe and effective, that is, the world’s leading organizations for the control of medical drugs have recognized that its use can not harm, and its use can reduce the risk of infection with dangerous types of this virus.
There are three vaccines: Gardasil, Cervarix and Gardasil-9 (not available in Russia). The difference between them is that one drug protects against infection with two types of virus (16 and 18 – Cervarix), the other – from four types (16, 18, 6, 11 – Gardasil), and Gardasil-9-from nine types of virus (6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 55, 58).
16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 55, 58 – types of virus can cause cancer of the cervix, vagina, vulva, anal canal, oropharynx, tongue, tonsils, types 6 and 11-more often than other types lead to the appearance of warts. In other words, it is best to use Gardasil (protection against both oncogenic types and the risk of developing warts). When Gardasil 9 will be available (I do not know, but in the US and Europe it has been widely used for a long time), preference should be given to this drug.
Gardasil-9 protects against 9 types of virus.
The vaccine has no curative effect, meaning it prevents infection but does not cure the virus. Therefore, the flu shot is useless when you already have the flu.
Since other types of HPV (for which there is no vaccine) are responsible for the development of cancer and the appearance of warts, the fact of vaccination significantly reduces the likelihood of developing these diseases, but does not exclude the need to still undergo screening tests – a cytological smear from the cervix from 21 to 65 years of age once every three years (if there are no additional recommendations).
Vaccination is recommended to be performed from 9 to 26 years. The optimal age is 11-12 years. Vaccination is carried out for boys and girls. Vaccination involves three stages of introduction of the vaccine: the first vaccination, then after a month and the last after 6 months (other schemes are acceptable, but this is the most common). According to the latest data, only two injections of the vaccine are sufficient for vaccination at the age of 11-12 years: the first and the subsequent one after 6 months. From the age of 15, three introductions are required. There is no data on the effectiveness of the vaccine after 26 years. HPV testing is not necessary before vaccination.
Vaccines can be purchased independently in pharmacies in Moscow, for example, the average price of Gardasil per syringe is about 6.5 thousand rubles, but the vaccination itself must be carried out only in the vaccination office after a specialist’s examination (this is a recommendation for cases when there is no such vaccine in the vaccination offices).